Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University)
The Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) is one of the world-leading engineering universities dedicated to aerospace technologies. It was founded in 1930 when institutions, specializing in aviation, became advanced enough to join into one engineering aircraft education centre. During the early 1930s MAI had only 290 students in two schools. Nowadays in consists of more than 2,300 professors and lecturers including 450 full-professors (DSc) and 1100 associate professors (PhD) who pass their knowledge and skills to 20,000 undergraduate and postgraduate students at 10 schools, 3 institutes and 4 branches of the university.
The designers Tupolev A.N. (class “TU” aircraft), Mikoyan A.I. (class “MIG” aircraft), Jakovlev A.S. (class “JAK” aircraft) were the first Institute professors.
More than 140,000 students, including 1,000 international students from 40 countries, have graduated from MAI since its foundation in 1930. MAI alumni include about 100 general and chief designers, 43 members and associate members of the Russian Academy of Science, 250 State and Government Prize laureates, and 21 cosmonauts who spent a total of 12 years in outer space. Its graduates work in design offices, plants, repair shops, scientific research institutes, universities, laboratories, aviation companies, in the Centre for Astronauts Training and other aircraft and aerospace engineering and technological institutions.
The present-day MAI is a unique institute of higher education where a thorough theoretical knowledge combines with numerous practical skills. More than 120 laboratories, 3 student design offices, numerous computer centers, an experimental-design factory, and an aerodrome are available for its students.
Moscow Aviation Institute is a large scientific research center. Five fundamental scientific discoveries for dynamic systems have been patented; the optoelectronic device “Photon” designed here is now operating in outer space; innovative power sources, invented and constructed here, are currently used in aircraft and aerospace system units.
University staff and students can join in the creation or design of new engines and devices, and even new flight vehicles. Recently the new superlight small-size aircraft “Aviatica” has been designed and constructed in MAI by its staff and students. This aircraft is now in very high demand in Russia and abroad.
MAI disposes of unique technical resources for scientific experiments including 126 research departments and laboratories. The real examples of aircrafts, helicopters, spacecrafts and rockets; flight simulators, unique equipment to research jet engines and hypersonic jet engines, wind tunnels, test benches to research the superconductivity, unique electric motors; test benches of radar complexes and active phased arrays; advanced systems of signal and image processing; modern computer facility, information and CALS-systems are available for students and researchers.
Until the present time, the development of Russian aeronautics and astronautics has been based mostly on the activities of MAI professors and graduates.
MAI started educating international students in 1991. At present moment approximately 1200 foreign undergraduate, post-graduate students and trainees from 38 countries, such as Algeria, Bangladesh, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, the Union of Myanmar, Thailand, India, Mexico, Mongolia, Peru, France, the United States of America, Turkey, Brazil, the CIS countries and others are being educated at the university.
MAI has become a corporate member of several authoritative international organizations, such as SAE International, Royal Aeronautical Society, Institute of Measurement and Control and others.
In October 2009, MAI was ranked among the 12 best universities of the Russian Federation. The rank of a “National research university of aeronautical and astronautical engineering” was conferred to the university by decision of the Russian Government.